Tuesday is the first to be named after a Germanic god — Tiu or Twia — a god of war and the sky and associated with the Norse god Tyr, who was a defender god in Viking mythology. Tiu is associated with Mars. He is usually shown with only one hand. When Fenrir realised he had been tricked he bit off Tyr's hand. Woden was the ruler of Asgard, the hoe of the gods, and is able to shift and change into different forms.
Friday is associated with Freya, the wife of Woden and the Norse goddess of love, marriage and fertility, who is equivalent to Venus, the Roman goddess of love. It is the only English week-day still associated with a Roman god, Saturn. The Hebrews called Saturday the "Sabbath", meaning, day of rest. The Bible identifies Saturday as the last day of the week.
The seven-day week originates with in ancient Babylon prior to BC, when time was marked with the lunar cycle, which experienced different seven-day cycles. A millennium later, Emperor Constantine converted Rome to Christianity and standardised the seven-day week across the Empire.
Rome may initially have acquired the seven-day week from the mystical beliefs of Babylonian astrologers. But it was the biblical story of creation, God making the Heavens and Earth and resting on the seventh day that will have led the first Christian emperor of Rome to make sure it endured to this day.
Why are there seven days in a week? For privacy reasons, she has previously written on Ancient Origins under the pen name April Holloway, but is now choosing to use her real name, Joanna Gillan. My question, above, to April is answered. I see now where April possibly got the information of Saturn being the Ruler of wealth and plenty.
It is a misreading of the quote "Saturn was the Roman god of fertility, agriculture and time. He is the father of Jupiter, the chief Roman god, and associated with wealth and abundance. If one reads carefully it is Jupiter who is the ruler of wealth and abundance not Saturn. Jupiter certainly rules plenty, which could translate to an abundant overdraft at the bank. Nothing in ancient or modern Astrology could be further from the truth. Saturn is the ruler of time yes but also of sorrow, hardship, lack and many othe nasties, however rulers have a spectrum of rulership, Saturn is not always a baddy.
No Pagan ever referred to the planets as Gods, Rulers yes, never Gods.
The Old Gods
This is a modern interpretation in order to show the superiority of todays religion and to castigate the previous Pagan religion. It was one ploy to get rid of the old and introduce the new as the people did not give up their ways so easily as their ways were more true than todays.
Most of our annual celebrations today are left overs from the previous Age, Easter, Yuletide, etc. My question would be: April, from which source came the information that you understand about Saturn? As Aries begins everything in Astrology so March 21st begins the yearly cycle. Somebody at some time in the past messed it all up, deliberately. Interestingly on the 21st of December we shifted from the age of Pisces and entered the Age of Aquarius well known by the Mayans.
During these change over times all current civils z ations collapse and die, as ours is in the process of doing so. To my ancestors the movement of the planets allowed them to predict when to migrate further south to find food and warmth. Eventually when we started settling down and began planting and later farming, we needed to know when to till, sow, feed, water and eventually predict and prepare for the harvest.
All of this can be one very efficiently using the movement of the planets at no cost to buy a clock or a calendar. This is the inspiration for and is the source of Astrology. Ancient Origins has been quoted by:.
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Skip to main content. Read More. To the Aztecs, religion, science and the arts were interconnected and meshed almost seamlessly. The Aztec cosmos was tripartite: a visible world of humans and nature lay suspended between supernatural levels above illustrated by Tlaloc , god of thunderstorms and rain and below Tlaltechutli , the monstrous earth goddess.
Many of the gods in the Aztec pantheon are much older than the Aztec culture, called pan-Mesoamerican; learning about these ten deities—Huitzilopochtli, Tlaloc, Tonatiuh, Tezcatlipoca, Chalchiuhtlicue, Centeotl, Quetzalcoatl, Xipe Totec, Mayahuel, and Tlaltechutli—will introduce you to the Aztec cosmos.
The Celtic culture refers to an Iron Age European people —15 BCE who interacted with the Romans, and it is that interaction that provided much of what we know of their religion.
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But early druids didn't commit their religious texts to paper or stone, so much of Celtic antiquity is lost to modern-day students. Luckily, after the Roman advance into Britain, first the Romans and then the early Christian monks copied down the druidic oral histories, including stories of the shape-shifting goddess Ceridwen and the horned fertility god Cernunnos.
The Japanese religion is Shinto, first documented in the 8th century CE. The Shinto creation myth has an agricultural bent to it: The world of chaos was changed when a germ of life created a muddy sea, and the first plant eventually became the first god. It combines a traditional pantheon of gods, including a creator couple Izanami "He who invites" and Izanagi "She who invites" , while borrowing from Japan's neighbors and ancient homegrown animism.
The Maya predate the Aztec, and like the Aztec, based some of their theology on the existing pan-Mesoamerican religions. Their creation myth is narrated in the Popul Vuh: six deities lie in the primordial waters and eventually create the world for us.
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Mayan deities rule over a tripartite cosmos and were applied to for assistance in war or childbirth; they also ruled over specific periods of time, having feast days and months built into the calendar. Ancient China worshiped a vast network of local and regional mythological deities, nature spirits, and ancestors, and reverence for those gods persisted well into the modern era.
Important and lingering figures in the historical texts on Chinese gods and goddesses include the "Eight Immortals," the "Two Heavenly Bureaucrats," and "Two Mother Goddesses.
Among the most ancient of cultures, the people of Babylon developed a diverse melting pot of deities, derived from the older Mesopotamian cultures. Literally, thousands of gods are named in Sumerian and Akkadian, some of the oldest writing on the planet.
The Case for Structural Ritual Transcendence
Many of the Babylonian gods and myths appear in the Judeo-Christian bible, early versions of Noah and the flood, and Moses in the bullrushes, and of course the tower of Babylon. Share Flipboard Email. Gill is a freelance classics and ancient history writer. She has a master's degree in linguistics and is a former Latin teacher.